Presidential Candidates Crave the Spotlight. 200 Years Ago That Was Taboo. Here’s Why. | NYT News Presidential Candidates Crave the Spotlight. 200 Years Ago That Was Taboo. Here’s Why. | NYT NewsThis is the US Secretary of War in 1908, William Taft, one day he decides that he wants a formal portrait of himself the photographer arrives, but then the phone rings he starts taking is anyway on the phone is past fret Theodore, Roosevelt, the president. It’S a long conversation, but suddenly the photographer Lux out tap learns that Roosevelt’s chosen him to run for president as his it’s a good choice. Pasco’S on to the campaign Trail and win its in historic win, because even though he’s the 27th president he’s only the first president to win after running a big Nationwide campaign for presidential candidates were expected to stay. Quiet sit at home several decades later. Student was unheard of two will start in 1789, George Washington becomes America’s. First president, the founders are hell-bent on making sure a press can accumulate too much power. Remember they just kicked out a king. They don’t want another one of those. They want a president. To be humble, like the George Washington depicted here as a simple farmer, if a tenant goes directly to the public campaigns for them self and ask for votes, it could be a warning sign that maybe power-hungry the wannabe English king in Waiting the office must seek the Man, not the man, the office, one historian explained basically today very sketchy indeed anyway, he’s all like he wants. The presidency he’s there out of Duty. Washington’S example will Loom large over presidential candidates for the next century, as the country quickly changes. This is a political cartoon from 1852, that’s a presidential candidate, that’s a political party boss and that’s the candidates mouth kept shot as a country grows, political parties also grow, they choose who the candidates will be and they do all the campaigning on the candidate’s behalf. The candidates 12 are expected to stay reserved Washington like mouth shut, but occasionally candidate’s campaign anyway and they’re, the ones who chip away at tradition. Let’S go to 1864 one glaring example, Abraham Lincoln, is running against three others for the presidency. One of them decides to throw president out the window, Stephen Douglas, a man who’s in danger of losing decides to go on a big campaign tour, but because of tradition, he can’t just come out and say what he’s doing so Douglas makes excuses. He says the tour is in order to see his mother in Upstate New York visit his childhood home and watch his brother-in-law graduate from Harvard along the way he makes campaign speeches and gets heaps of criticism for doing so. The New York Times writes that the presidency is too high to be reached by stump speaker into dignified, to be canvassed for, like a county clerkship for a seat in Congress. Douglas of course loses. But the size of his stomping tour is another step towards public campaign. It turn up a bit more quite by accident on a front porch in Ohio to decades later. Meanwhile, the political parties have gotten so big and so corrupt there’s a backlash against them. Americans want to interact more with a candidate’s directly without the party machines getting in the way and to Republican nominee. James Garfield he’s plan to spend the election of 1880 laying low at his home in Ohio, just as candidates usually do. But then people keep showing up at his house want to see their candidate in person. Garfield’S got to say something: he can’t just ignore them, so he gets a bunch of short speeches from his front. Porch Garfield has stumbled on a way to personally campaign without risking criticism by going on some big campaign. He just doesn’t from home and says it’s because people just showed up, he wins, but this doesn’t turn the tide entirely. 16 years later, however, there’s an upset at the Democratic National Convention in obscure Nebraska congressman is nominated for President William Jennings Bryan he’s so polarizing that many in his party won’t campaign, for that means, Bryan has to do it himself, which is fine, because his whole Persona Is being a voice for the common people against Power institutions, it makes sense that he’d, ignore political traditions and instead speak to voters himself. He covers 27 States. His opponent, William McKinley, on the other hand, doesn’t hit the road he takes a page from Garfield book and gives speeches from front porch, but it’s almost brand-new. This time there parades outfront 750,000 people come to visit both strategies artstream for the time, but McKinley’s is safer. Look at what’s going on here is with this Pro McKinley cartoon the place up there age difference, McKinley served in the Civil War when Brian was still a baby. Brian is now 36 part of a whole new generation, he’s less connected to the Colonial tradition, back the candidates at a distance from the public McKinley end up winning anyway, but when they have a rematch for president four years later, McKinley doesn’t actively campaign for re-election because Now McKinley’s our president and damn The Winds of Change worm. The presidency is too sacred in office to use for campaigning enter the man so consumed with the Limelight that his daughter one said you wanted to be the bride at every wedding and the corpse at every funeral. Teddy Roosevelt McKinley’s running mate. No one said: vice presidential candidates can’t stop. We see two young Brash candidates, drawing crowds with their Charisma or is historian Guild, Troy puts it, they helped bury Accenture tradition of Canada, Pacific and then four years later, the man who left the crowd. Now, president Teddy Roosevelt fall silent when it’s time to run for his re-election presidents still mustn’t campaign. Now can we come to William Taft who’s, big smile? We saw at the beginning – and I want to use this image, to explain what happens during the election of 1908. On the right is attacked, mannequin on the left is a William Jennings Bryan he’s running again for a third time. Let’S look closer, there’s a phonograph playing pre-recorded speeches by the candidates. Science encourage voters to also hear the candidates rebuttals to each other. It’S even assume that voters will pay. I need to hear all this. That’S how far American Norms have shifted in the new century. They expect a more direct democracy with accessible candidates. Now. The funny thing about this is is that tap is totally against this idea. At first he’s working on staying old-school and holding a front-porch campaign, no one really shows up, but with Brian on the road, getting all the attention and pass allies pushing him to do the same. He doesn’t have a choice. This is how it works now, hit the campaign Trail literally following in the footsteps of Brian. It goes great. He went historian Richard Ellis notes that Taft helped erase the association between stumping and, like I said at the beginning, the first president to be elected after making a full campaign tour. It’S not like there’s something about tap. That makes him the first president to stump mightily and when it’s, the combination of incremental changes in American society end behaviors by earlier cabinets. If we skip ahead to 1944, we can look back and see just how far things have come. It’S Franklin Roosevelt’s last campaign. At one point, he gets driven 50 miles through the streets of City in an open car in Winter incumbent president pleading his case to the public 4/4 turn the campaigns, the rallies they all just become part speaking of presidency. So when you watch presidential candidates on the campaign Trail sitting in diners riding and buses shaking hands and taking selfies and crowd surfing, it’s not quite that the founders intended, but it’s what the people demanded so 5 minutes into the video we talked about. President McKinley’s famous front-porch campaign, South McKinley, is famous for another type of public appearance. Is two inaugurations were the first to ever be recorded by a moving picture camera. If you look closely, you can see the Chief Justice of the Supreme Court raising his hand to give the oath of office. Consequently, McKinley’s was the first presidential funeral to also be felt he was assassinated during his second term. For a century, presidential candidates were discouraged from openly campaigning — lest they appear power hungry like the British king America revolted against. Here’s why that all changed.
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